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December 22, 2021

Eco372t week 4 apply money and the federal reserve score 100 percent


Question 1

Suppose the Federal Reserve increases the amount of reserves by $100 million and the total money supply increases by $500 million.

Instructions: Enter your answers as a whole number.

a. What is the money multiplier?


b. Using the money multiplier from part a, how much will the money supply change if the Federal Reserve increases reserves by $50 million?

$ 250 Million

Question 2

Use the following table to determine the levels of M1 and M2 in the United States.

Money Categories in the United States



Amount   (billions of dollars)





Demand deposits



Money market funds



Other checkable deposits



Savings deposits



Small time deposits



Traveler’s checks


Instructions: Enter your answers as a whole number.

a. Calculate the M1 money supply.

     $ 203 billion

b. Calculate the M2 money supply.

     $ 729 billion

Question 3

The part of the Federal Reserve that determines and implements the nation’s monetary policy and controls the money supply to promote stable prices and economic growth is the:

multiple choice

12 Federal Reserve District Banks.

president of the Board of Governors.

Board of Governors.

Federal Open Market Committee.

Question 4

For each of the following scenarios, determine whether money is being used as a medium of account, store of value, or unit of account.

a. Sam gives the grocery store clerk a $5 bill to pay for his purchase. 

multiple choice 1

Medium of exchange

 Store of value

Unit of account

b. Bill looks at the $20 price tag on a clock to see how much money he would need to purchase it. 

multiple choice 2

Medium of exchange

Store of value

Unit of account

c. Maria writes a check to pay her electric bill. 

multiple choice 3

Store of value

Medium of exchange

Unit of account

d. Susan transfers some of her wealth from her checking account into a certificate of deposit that earns interest. 

multiple choice 4

Unit of account

Store of value

Medium of exchange

Question 5

The Federal Reserve District Banks are divided:

multiple choice

into geographical regions with the majority of the district banks located in the eastern half of the United States.

evenly geographically to ensure the same amount of area coverage for the regions of the United States.

geographically to encompass the 12 largest metropolitan and financial areas in the United States.

into geographical regions with the same number of states located in each of the districts.

Question 6

Which of the following are liabilities to a bank?

Multiple Choice

vault cash and demand deposits

property and capital stock

demand and time deposits

capital stock and reserves

Question 7

If the reserve requirement is 20% and commercial bankers decide to hold additional excess reserves equal to 5% of any newly acquired checkable deposits, then the effective monetary multiplier for the banking system will be 

Multiple Choice





Question 8

Members of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors are

Multiple Choice

selected by the Federal Open Market Committee for 4-year terms.

appointed by the president to staggered 14-year terms.

appointed by Congress to staggered 14-year terms.

selected by each of the Federal Reserve banks for 4-year terms.

Question 9

Money is “created” when

Multiple Choice

people use money to pay for stuff they buy from one another.

someone lends money to a friend or a family member.

a bank grants a loan to a customer.

a depositor deposits money at the bank.

Question 10

A checkable deposit at a commercial bank is a(n)

Multiple Choice

asset to the depositor and a liability to the bank.

liability to both the depositor and the bank.

liability to the depositor and an asset to the bank.

asset to both the depositor and the bank.

Question 11

Money eliminates the need for a coincidence of wants in trading primarily through its role as a

Multiple Choice

medium of deferred payment.

medium of exchange.

unit of account.

store of value.

Question 12

The coupon rate is the

Multiple Choice

interest rate promised when a bond is issued.

amount originally lent.

regular payment of interest to a bondholder.

maximum interest rate that can be paid on a bond.

Question 13

The reason for the Fed being set up as an independent agency of government is to

Multiple Choice

allow it to earn profits like private firms.

protect it from political pressure.

let it be able to compete with other financial institutions.

make it be managed and controlled by member banks.

Question 14

A bank’s required reserves can be calculated by

Multiple Choice

multiplying its checkable-deposit liabilities by its excess reserves.

dividing its excess reserves by its required reserves.

dividing its required reserves by its excess reserves.

multiplying its checkable-deposit liabilities by the reserve ratio.

Question 15

The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)

Multiple Choice

monitors regulatory banking laws for member banks.

provides advice on banking stability to the Fed.

follows the actions and operations of financial markets to keep them open and competitive.

sets policy on the sale and purchase of government bonds by the Fed.

Question 16

When a consumer wants to compare the price of one product with another, money is primarily functioning as a

Multiple Choice

checkable deposit.

medium of exchange.

unit of account.

store of value.

Question 17

Which definition(s) of the money supply include(s) only items that are directly and immediately usable as a medium of exchange?

Multiple Choice



M1 and M2

neither M1 nor M2

Question 18

The Federal Reserve System consists of which of the following?

Multiple Choice

Federal Open Market Committee and Office of Thrift Supervision

U.S. Treasury Department and Bureau of Engraving and Printing

Board of Governors and the 12 Federal Reserve Banks

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and Controller of the Currency

Question 19

Assets of the commercial banking system include

Multiple Choice

reserves and deposits.

reserves and loans.

loans and deposits.


Question 20

If the reserve requirement were 15% percent, the value of the monetary multiplier would be

Multiple Choice





Question 21

Assume that the required reserve ratio is 20%. A business deposits a $50,000 check at Bank A; the check is drawn against Bank B. What happens to the reserves at Bank A and Bank B?

Multiple Choice

increase by $10,000 at Bank A and decrease by $50,000 at Bank B

Reserves stay the same in both banks.

increase by $10,000 at Bank A and decrease by $10,000 at Bank B

 increase by $50,000 at Bank A and decrease by $50,000 at Bank B

Question 22

An increase in nominal GDP will

Multiple Choice

increase the transactions demand for money but decrease the total demand for money.

decrease the transactions demand for money but increase the total demand for money.

increase the transactions demand and the total demand for money.

decrease the transactions demand and the total demand for money.

Question 23

Traditionally, the Federal Reserve can give emergency loans only to

Multiple Choice

manufacturing firms.

securities firms.

investment banks.

commercial banks.

Question 24

Use the following graph to answer the next question.

Which line in the graph above would best illustrate the asset demand for money curve?

Multiple Choice

Line 3

Line 2

Line 4

Line 1

Question 25

Fractional reserve banking refers to a system where banks

Multiple Choice

grant loans to their borrowing customers.

accept a portion of their deposits in checkable accounts.

deposit a fraction of their reserves at the central bank.

hold only a fraction of their deposits in their reserves.

Question 26

What function is money serving when you deposit it in a savings account?

Multiple Choice

a checkable deposit

a medium of exchange

a store of value

a unit of account

Question 27

Which of the following items are included in money supply M2 but not M1?

Multiple Choice

savings deposits

Federal Reserve notes

checkable deposits


Question 28

A wealthy executive is holding money, waiting for a good time to invest in the stock market. This action would be an example of the

Multiple Choice

asset demand for money.

transactions demand for money.

creation of fiat money.

use of money as a medium of exchange.

Question 29

The main function of the Federal Reserve System is to

Multiple Choice

clear checks from member banks.

set reserve requirements of banks.

control the money supply.

serve as the fiscal agent for the federal government.

Question 30

Cash held by a bank in its vault is a part of the bank’s

Multiple Choice


money supply.

net worth.


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